The global childcare crisis: who bears the burden?

March 2016

Infographics highlighting the huge amount of unpaid domestic work undertaken by women – and policy suggestions to tackle the crisis.

Sources

Infographic 1:

Top row: Computed from data in: Charmes, J. (2015), Time use across the world: Findings of a world compilation of time-use surveys. UNDP Human Development Office, Series Occasional paper. New York: UNDP; Charmes, J. (2016), Time dedicated to childcare, care work and unpaid work in total work time: Findings of an international compendium on 65 countries and 102 surveys. Forthcoming as an ODI Background Paper. London: ODI.

Second row: Computed from data in Young Lives surveys, round three; Computed from data in UNICEF Data (2014), based on DHS, MICS and other nationally representative surveys. Available at: http://data.unicef.org/ecd/homeenvironment.html; UN Population Division http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/; EU Open Data Portal, ‘Population on 1 January by five year age group, sex and citizenship’, https://open-data.europa.eu/en/data/dataset/DyCiBSvR4z283JjDuwvdAQ.

Third row: Authors' policy review; computed from data in ILO (2014) ‘Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture’, ILO, http://laborsta.ilo.org/informal_economy_E.html; Lingam, L. and Kanchi, A. (2013) 'Women’s work, maternity and public policy' (Hyderabad, Tata Institute of Social Sciences).

Bottom row: Authors'  policy recommendations

Infographic 2: Charmes, J. (2015), Time use across the world: Findings of a world compilation of time-use surveys. UNDP Human Development Office, Series Occasional paper. New York: UNDP.

Infographic 3: UNICEF Data (2014), based on DHS, MICS and other nationally representative surveys. Available at: http://data.unicef.org/ecd/homeenvironment.html; UN Population Division http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/; EU Open Data Portal, ‘Population on 1 January by five year age group, sex and citizenship’, https://open-data.europa.eu/en/data/dataset/DyCiBSvR4z283JjDuwvdAQ.

Infographic 4: Barker, G., Contreras, J. M., Heilman, B., Singh, A. K., Verma, R. K., & Nascimento, M. (2011). Evolving men: Initial results from the International Men and Gender Equality Survey (IMAGES). Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women (ICRW) and Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Promundo; New York Times article http://nyti.ms/1SAKTGC.

Infographic 5: Our own calculation, based on ILO (2014) ‘Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A Statistical Picture’, ILO, http://laborsta.ilo.org/informal_economy_E.html

Infographic 6: Engle, P.L. et al (2011) ‘Strategies for reducing inequalities and improving developmental outcomes for young children in low-income and middle-income countries’, Lancet 2011 378, 9799, pp.1339–53

Infographic 7: Authors' policy recommendations

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