Binding emission reductions were not agreed at Copenhagen. However, significant new pledges were made to support developing countries respond to climate change. This collection of materials from ODI focuses on the challenges that such countries will face as they continue to seek economic growth and a reduction in poverty.
ODI’s research explores the relationship between climate change and development. It is a broad agenda: how to secure low carbon growth; the ways and means of raising new and additional finance to tackle climate change; the role of forests in national mitigation strategies. Research tools such as scenario planning can provide important insights, and the role of knowledge intermediaries in bridging the gap between the research and policy communities is becoming ever more important. We also need to better understand the terms of international agreements if we are to see a stronger outcome for developing countries at the next COP meeting in Mexico City in November 2010. All these papers offer important new insights to help secure this goal.
The Copenhagen Accord may not be the hoped-for solution, but the blurring of traditional lines between developed and developing countries could pave the way for more progress in the future.
Strengthening science–policy dialogue in developing countries: a priority for climate change adaptation
How to incorporate scientific knowledge and expertise into policies on climate change adaptation? This Background Note offers crucial insights.
The difficulties of thrashing out a deal at the Copenhagen conference demonstrate a lack of trust between developing and developed countries: the result of broken promises on aid volumes and effectiveness.
This Background Note offers a critique of the ways in which the financial architecture to support adaptation to climate change is taking shape in international negotiations, and identifies important issues that need to be taken into account when designing this...
This Background Note describes the diverse agendas driving the REDD+ debate and considers what this may mean in terms of moving ahead with the initiative.
Developing countries need massive amounts of investment to support a shift to low carbon and climate resilient growth and development. Given the scale of investment needed, the international community needs to give careful thought to options that could...
This Background Note highlights an example of the benefits of Integrated Assessment Models for climate change policy analyses and examines the environmental and welfare effects of different mitigation policies.
Investment in energy efficiency represents one of the most promising avenues to address climate change - reducing emissions while safeguarding productivity and incomes in poor countries - however market failures prevent sufficient and efficient investment....
Can developing countries have it all -- economic growth and environmental sustainability? This Opinion says they can, if they find climate resilient growth strategies.
The Copenhagen negotiations on climate change policies will depend on what 'numbers' policy makers have on mitigation costs. These numbers are normally drawn from economists' studies that use complex methodologies: integrated assessment models (...
The Little Finance Book also aims to demystify some of the key concepts around financial mechanisms that currently hinder negotiations.
Climate negotiations and development: how can low-income countries gain from a Climate Negotiation Framework Agreement?
This paper reviews negotiation issues in the run-up to the UNFCCC conference in Copenhagen, sets out key scenarios and models their effects on incomes in poor countries.