The 6th WTO ministerial in Hong Kong will be held from 13 to 18 December 2005. An ambitious Doha Round is in the interest of most developing countries. There is however a risk that the Hong Kong ministerial will end in either acrimony, much as the Cancún ministerial did in 2003, or stalemate, given the apparent lack of consensus on issues considered to be critical. These include:
- How can the WTO incorporate SDT for developing countries in a rule-based system designed to be non-discriminatory?
- Will the round address the mandate to make SDT more precise, effective and operational, despite problems in finding consensus on the 88 proposals made?
- How can the issue of SDT be linked to technical assistance, support for reducing supply-side constraints and preference erosion (Aid for Trade)?
- What types of gains can developing countries expect from the three pillars of agricultural trade liberalisation, including reductions in tariffs, domestic support and export subsidies?
- Will the deadlock between the negotiating positions of the EU, US, G20 and other groups be resolved prior to the ministerial?
- There are now around 60 countries with GATS offers, but very few African countries have fully engaged in these negotiations. What benefits can GATS bring to developing countries? And how can they best achieve this?
- What progress can be made on issues such as Mode 4 (temporary movement service providers) during Hong Kong?
- What type of effects do we expect from both EPAs between the EU and ACP regions and WTO liberalisation on developing countries?
- How does the expansion of regional and bilateral trade agreements affect the developing countries ability to engage in multilateral agreements?
Foreign direct investment, services trade negotiations and development: The case of tourism in the Caribbean
This article examines whether and how developing countries can use services trade negotiations to increase the amount of inward FDI conducive to development.
This Background Paper attempts to re-assess the options under discussion at Doha, looking for an outcome that would provide the basis for subsequent constructive negotiations outside the WTO.
'The prospect of developing countries making commitments on trade in water services under the General Agreement of Trade in Services has given rise to considerable controversy. Subsequent debates have revealed a great deal of confusion and have tended to...
The WTO: Towards Hong Kong - What type of effects can developing countries expect from the Doha Round?
successful outcome to the WTO ministerial in Hong Kong is far from certain as there are some difficult issues to overcome. This series of meetings looks into key unresolved issues at the WTO.
'Tourism accounts for more than twice as much cash moving from rich to poor countries than governments give in aid. To make African tourism more pro-poor, corporate and government practice must change.'
Foreign Direct Investment, Services Trade Negotiations and Development: The case of Tourism in the Caribbean
This paper examines whether and how developing countries can use services trade negotiations to increase the amount of inward FDI conducive to development, with a focus on the tourism sector in the Caribbean.
The EU 28th October trade offer: one step forward, one step back, and one promising step slightly forward
An ambitious WTO trade round will benefit most developing countries, but they need to have the tools and time to benefit from further liberalisation.
This paper examines the links between globalisation and education and discusses appropriate roles for government in reconciling the processes of globalisation with education and training systems.
'The Sixth WTO Ministerial Conference due to be held in Hong Kong from 13 to 18 December, 2005 will shape the future of the Doha Round of global trade talks and the multilateral trading system.'
Forthcoming Changes in the EU Banana/Sugar Markets: A Menu of Options for an Effective EU Transitional Package
This report discusses the impact of reforms to the EU's Sugar and Banana Protocols and their impact many ACP countries, those who benefited before reforms and those who stand to benefit.
Forthcoming Changes in the EU Banana and Sugar Markets: A Menu of Options for an Effective EU Transitional Package
This study identifies a number of options for an effective EU transitional assistance package to support sugar- and banana- dependent ACP countries.
This paper looks at the issue of “special and differential treatment” (SDT) in the World Trade Organisation.
'The offshoring of services from the richer industrial countries – by which services are relocated to other countries – can offer important opportunities to developing countries. But in order to realise these, they need to fight for export opportunities...
This study suggests that under certain assumptions subsidies by smaller subsidisers (such as the EU) may be disproportionately harmful to some suppliers, notably to West and Central African countries.
The principle objective of the study is to assess the costs and benefits of SDT options in possible EPA negotiations on services in the CARIFORUM-EC context. The study will focus predominantly on key sectors in representative Caribbean countries.
This paper questions how effective developing countries can be in multilateral negotiations.