Subsidies

Governments use subsidies to shape economic sectors and the activities of institutions, businesses and individuals. 

Through its research, ODI is seeking to develop a greater understanding of how governments can better direct subsidies to support social and environmental objectives.

This page brings together all the research and comment on government subsidies, and their links to private investment, from across ODI.

Outputs

G20 subsidies to oil, gas and coal production: China

Research reports and studies | November 2015 | Benjamin Denjean, Ivetta Gerasimchuk, Ken Bossong, Sam Pickard and Shelagh Whitley
This country study compiles publicly available information on fossil fuel production subsidies in China in 2013 and 2014.
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G20 subsidies to oil, gas and coal production: Russia

Research reports and studies | November 2015 | Iuliia Ogarenko, Ken Bossong, Ivetta Gerasimchuk, Sam Pickard and Shelagh Whitley
This country study compiles publicly available information on fossil fuel production subsidies in Russia in 2013 and 2014.
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Brazil

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: China

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Indonesia

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Japan

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: South Africa

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Russia

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
Download

Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Saudi Arabia

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: France

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal by Oil Change International (OCI) and the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
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The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal exploration

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Elizabeth Bast, Shakuntala Makhijani, Sam Pickard, and Shelagh Whitley
Governments across the G20 countries are estimated to be spending $88 billion every year subsidising exploration for fossil fuels. This report documents, for the first time, the scale and structure of fossil-fuel exploration subsidies in the G20 countries. The evidence...
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Italy

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Turkey

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: United Kingdom

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani

This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).

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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: United States

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).
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The bonfire of the subsidies

Comment | 11 November 2014 | Kevin Watkins
'The absence of credible carbon price signals, along with the perverse incentives created by fossil fuel subsidies, continues to hold back the investments and technologies needed to drive a low-carbon transition.'
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Argentina

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shelagh Whitley and Shakuntala Makhijani

This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).

Download

Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Australia

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Canada

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).
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Fossil fuel exploration subsidies: Germany

Research reports and studies | November 2014 | Shakuntala Makhijani
This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).
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Fossil fuel subsidies in developing countries

Briefing papers | August 2014 | Will McFarland, Shelagh Whitley
This paper aims to provide a review of the organisations and governments involved in supporting other countries to reform their fossil fuel subsidies and the approaches being undertaken.
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Time to change the game: fossil fuel subsidies and climate

Research reports and studies | November 2013 | Shelagh Whitley
Two years ahead of a crucial UN climate-change summit, global fossil fuel subsidies now top half a trillion dollars. This ODI report argues that it is time to 'change the game' on fossil fuel subsidies.
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At cross-purposes: subsidies and climate compatible investment

Research reports and studies | April 2013 | Shelagh Whitley
The fifth paper in ODI's series on defining and developing understanding of climate finance in the national or domestic context. This paper has a focus on private climate finance and in particular fossil fuel subsidies.
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Towards 'smart' subsidies in agriculture? Lessons in recent experience in Malawi

Briefing papers | October 2008 | Andrew Doward, Ephraim Chirwa, Duncan Boughton, Eric Crawford, Thom Jayne, Rachel Slater, Valerie Kelly and Maxton Tsoka

The purpose of this brief is to review Malawi's experience in order to identify the challenges facing “smart” subsidy programmes if they are to be sustainable and cost effective in delivering on their goals.

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