Governments use subsidies to shape economic sectors and the activities of institutions, businesses and individuals.
Through its research, ODI is seeking to develop a greater understanding of how governments can better direct subsidies to support social and environmental objectives.
This page brings together all the research and comment on government subsidies, and their links to private investment, from across ODI.
This country study is a background paper to the report 'The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal' by ODI and Oil Change International (OCI).
The purpose of this brief is to review Malawi's experience in order to identify the challenges facing “smart” subsidy programmes if they are to be sustainable and cost effective in delivering on their goals.