Gender, vulnerability and social protection

November 2008 to July 2012

Social protection is an increasingly important approach to reduce vulnerability and chronic poverty. Despite strong evidence on the different ways in which men and women experience poverty and vulnerability, there has been little attention on the role of gender in the implementation and effectiveness of social protection programmes.

New research at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is reviewing the extent to which gender inequality is reflected in social protection design and evaluation in diverse country contexts. This work aims to contribute to policy dialogues on social protection, vulnerability and poverty, and ultimately to improve social protection policies and programmes.

A package of resources on gender, vulnerability and social protection were released as outputs of this research project. The package includes:

  • Country case studies from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru and Viet Nam.
  • A background note and regional paper on Latin America.
  • Country-specific background notes from Indonesia and Viet Nam.
  • A synthesis working paper and briefing paper
  • A briefing paper on political economy
  • A toolkit
  • Finally, a conceptual framework 

    Our partners:

    • Brazil: Fabio Veras and Elydia Silva, UNDP IPC-IG
    • Ethiopia: Dr Tassew Woldehanna, Department of Economics, Addis Ababa University
    • India: Dr Nidhi Sadana, Indian Institute of Dalit Studies
    • Indonesia: Sirojuddin Arif, SMERU Research Institute
    • Ghana: Christiana Amuzu, Independent Consultant 
    • Mexico: Paola Pereznieto, Independent Consultant  
    • Peru: Rosana Vagas, Independent Consultant
    • Vietnam: Dr Tran Van Anh, Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Family and Gender Studies

Outputs

Gender inequality, risk and vulnerabilty in the rural economy: Refocusing the public works agenda to take account of economic and social risks

Working And Discussion Papers | March 2011 | Rebecca Holmes and Nicola Jones
In this paper we analyse the extent to which gender-specific risks and vulnerabilities are considered in programme design and implementation in two case studies: the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) in Ethiopia, and the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme...
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How can we better promote gender-sensitive social protection?

Public Event | 1 November 2010 12:30 - 14:00 GMT+00

The speakers at this event introduced a much-needed gender lens to debates around social protection, drawing on empirical evidence from an AusAID and DFID-funded multi-country study carried out in Africa, Asia and Latin America which examined three sub-sets of...

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Rethinking social protection using a gender lens

Working And Discussion Papers | October 2010 | Rebecca Holmes and Nicola Jones

This paper synthesises findings from a multi-country research project examining the extent to which existing social protection programming approaches are reinforcing women’s traditional roles and responsibilities, or harnessing the potential for social...

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Gender, politics and social protection

Briefing Papers | October 2010 | Nicola Jones and Rebecca Holmes

This briefing paper explores the political economy of social protection and its effects on gender relations, drawing on interviews, household surveys, focus group discussions and life histories in Africa, Asia and Latin America.

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Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in Viet Nam

Research Reports And Studies | October 2010 | Nicola Jones; Tran Thi Van Anh

The focus of this report is on the government of Viet Nam's flagship social assistance programme, the NTPPR, and the purpose is to analyse the extent to which gender-specific economic and social risks, including food security, inform NTPPR programme...

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Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in Peru

Research Reports And Studies | October 2010 | Rosana Vargas Valente

The report focuses on the Juntos conditional cash transfer programme which, unlike other CCT programmes in the region, aims to break the intergenerational transmission of poverty by promoting households' investment in human capital.

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Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in Mexico

Research Reports And Studies | October 2010 | Paola Perezneito; Mariana Campos

The focus of this report is on one specific social protection programme introduced in 2007, the Estancias Infantiles para Apoyar a Madres Trabajadoras (Child Care Services for Working Mothers).

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Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in Ethiopia

Research Reports And Studies | October 2010 | Nicola Jones; Yisak Tafere; Tassew Woldehanna

This purpose of this report is to analyse the extent to which gender-specific economic and social risks inform Ethiopia's PSNP programme design and implementation, with the aim of informing onoing initative to strenghten the programme's effectiveness...

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Gender and social protection in Indonesia: Raskin, the food subsidy programme

Briefing Papers | October 2010 | Sirojuddin Arif, Rebecca Holmes, Muhammad Syukri and Vita Febriany

This Project Briefing synthesises research findings from a 3-year study exploring linkages between gender, food security and social protection effectiveness in the Raskin (Beras untuk Rumah Tangga Miskin, Rice for Poor Households) food programme in Indonesia....

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Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in Ghana

Research Reports And Studies | October 2010 | Christiana Amuzu; Nicola Jones; Paola Pereznieto

The focus on this report is to analyse the extent to which gender-specific economic and social risks inform Ghana's LEAP programme design and implementation, with the aim of informing onoing initiatives to strenghten the programme's effectiveness....

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Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in Bangladesh

Research Reports And Studies | October 2010 | Rebecca Holmes; Fouzia Mannan; Helal Hossain Dhali; Mst. Sanzida Parveen

The paper analyses the extent to which Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reducation, in Bangladesh addresses gender-specific economic and social risks to support the reduction of poverty and vulnerability.

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Gendered risks, poverty and vulnerability in India

Research Reports And Studies | October 2010 | Rebecca Holmes; Nidhi Sadana; Saswatee Rath

This report specifically examines the gendered dimensions and impacts of the Indian public works programme, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).

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Gender-sensitive social protection and the MDGs

Briefing Papers | June 2010 | Rebecca Holmes and Nicola Jones

Gender-sensitive social protection can contribute to progress on the Millennium Development Goals, but only if gender equality is seen as critical to programme effectiveness.

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Gender and Social Protection Research Design

Workshop | 10 - 12 August 2009

workshop has four broad aims: 1) to facilitate a common conceptual understanding of gender, vulnerability and social protection among all eight country partners; 2) to jointly design a common methodological approach; 3) to discuss dissemination and...

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Gender vulnerabilities, food price shocks and social protection responses

Working And Discussion Papers | August 2009 | Rebecca Holmes, Nicola Jones and Hannah Marsden

This Background Note argues that two important features of the food price crisis have received inadequate attention. First that women are bearing a disproportionate share of the burden of the food price crisis, both as producers and consumers. Second,...

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