Social protection is an increasingly important approach to reduce vulnerability and chronic poverty. Despite strong evidence on the different ways in which men and women experience poverty and vulnerability, there has been little attention on the role of gender in the implementation and effectiveness of social protection programmes.
New research at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI) is reviewing the extent to which gender inequality is reflected in social protection design and evaluation in diverse country contexts. This work aims to contribute to policy dialogues on social protection, vulnerability and poverty, and ultimately to improve social protection policies and programmes.
A package of resources on gender, vulnerability and social protection were released as outputs of this research project. The package includes:
- Country case studies from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Pakistan, Peru and Viet Nam.
- A background note and regional paper on Latin America.
- Country-specific background notes from Indonesia and Viet Nam.
- A synthesis working paper and briefing paper
- A briefing paper on political economy
- A toolkit
- Finally, a conceptual framework
- Brazil: Fabio Veras and Elydia Silva, UNDP IPC-IG
- Ethiopia: Dr Tassew Woldehanna, Department of Economics, Addis Ababa University
- India: Dr Nidhi Sadana, Indian Institute of Dalit Studies
- Indonesia: Sirojuddin Arif, SMERU Research Institute
- Ghana: Christiana Amuzu, Independent Consultant
- Mexico: Paola Pereznieto, Independent Consultant
- Peru: Rosana Vagas, Independent Consultant
- Vietnam: Dr Tran Van Anh, Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Family and Gender Studies
The politics of gender and social protection in Viet Nam: opportunities and challenges for a transformative approach
The politics of gender and social protection in Indonesia: opportunities and challenges for a transformative approach
Gender inequality, risk and vulnerabilty in the rural economy: Refocusing the public works agenda to take account of economic and social risks
Public works programmes in developing countries: reducing gendered disparities in economic opportunities?
The speakers at this event introduced a much-needed gender lens to debates around social protection, drawing on empirical evidence from an AusAID and DFID-funded multi-country study carried out in Africa, Asia and Latin America which examined three sub-sets of...
This paper synthesises findings from a multi-country research project examining the extent to which existing social protection programming approaches are reinforcing women’s traditional roles and responsibilities, or harnessing the potential for social...
This Briefing Paper draws on multi-country primary research on the incorporation of gender issues into the design and implementation of a range of social protection instruments.
This briefing paper explores the political economy of social protection and its effects on gender relations, drawing on interviews, household surveys, focus group discussions and life histories in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
This toolkit aims to support policy makers, programme designers, and programme implementers to apply a much-needed gender lens to debates around social protection. It provides technical and practical guidance on how to intergrate a gender perspective into...
The paper analyses the extent to which Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reducation, in Bangladesh addresses gender-specific economic and social risks to support the reduction of poverty and vulnerability.
This purpose of this report is to analyse the extent to which gender-specific economic and social risks inform Ethiopia's PSNP programme design and implementation, with the aim of informing onoing initative to strenghten the programme's effectiveness...
This report specifically examines the gendered dimensions and impacts of the Indian public works programme, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).
The focus on this report is to analyse the extent to which gender-specific economic and social risks inform Ghana's LEAP programme design and implementation, with the aim of informing onoing initiatives to strenghten the programme's effectiveness....
The focus of this report is on one specific social protection programme introduced in 2007, the Estancias Infantiles para Apoyar a Madres Trabajadoras (Child Care Services for Working Mothers).
The report focuses on the Juntos conditional cash transfer programme which, unlike other CCT programmes in the region, aims to break the intergenerational transmission of poverty by promoting households' investment in human capital.
The report focuses on the Raskin food subsidy programme in Indonesia.
The focus of this report is on the government of Viet Nam's flagship social assistance programme, the NTPPR, and the purpose is to analyse the extent to which gender-specific economic and social risks, including food security, inform NTPPR programme...
This Project Briefing synthesises research findings from a 3-year study exploring linkages between gender, food security and social protection effectiveness in the Raskin (Beras untuk Rumah Tangga Miskin, Rice for Poor Households) food programme in Indonesia....
This Background Note examines the extent to which gendered economic and social risks are addressed in conditional cash transfers in Brazil, Chile, Colombia and Peru.
This Project Briefing synthesises research findings from the first stage of a three-year study exploring the linkages between gender, food security and social protection effectiveness in Viet Nam.
The Benazir Income Support programme and the Zakat programme: A political economy analysis of gender
This paper analyses the Brazilian, Colombian, and Chilean experiences with conditional cash transfers and how they have helped to tackle gendered economic and social vulnerabilities.
workshop has four broad aims: 1) to facilitate a common conceptual understanding of gender, vulnerability and social protection among all eight country partners; 2) to jointly design a common methodological approach; 3) to discuss dissemination and...
This Background Note argues that two important features of the food price crisis have received inadequate attention. First that women are bearing a disproportionate share of the burden of the food price crisis, both as producers and consumers. Second,...
Putting the 'social' back into social protection: A framework for understanding the linkages between economic and social risks for poverty reduction
Drawing on examples from South Asia and East Africa, this Background Note discusses the importance of putting the ‘social’ back into social protection by taking both economic and social risks into account in order to enhance the effectiveness of social...