Sanctuary in the city? Urban displacement and vulnerability

March 2009 to March 2012

In recent decades, many cities and towns around the world have seen dramatic population growth, with significant inflows from rural areas. A prominent feature of this global trend of urbanisation is forced displacement triggered by armed conflict, violence and political instability, and slow and sudden-onset disasters, or a combination of these factors. Many of those forcibly displaced have moved to urban areas in search of greater security, including a degree of anonymity, better access to basic services and greater economic opportunities.

While a number of studies in recent years have sought to analyse urban livelihoods and governance, little is known about how displaced people negotiate their way in the urban environment, their relationships with host communities and governance institutions, and their specific vulnerabilities as compared with other urban poor. Likewise, the role of humanitarian and development actors in supporting these populations, and the strategies and approaches best suited to address the assistance and protection needs of urban Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs), are poorly understood.

This project will explore the phenomenon of displacement in the urban environment and the implications and challenges it poses for humanitarian action. Through field research in eight urban centres in Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia, the project considers the reality of life for displaced people, investigates the policy and operational challenges that confront national and inter-national stakeholders when responding to the needs of urban IDPs and refugees, and offers recommendations for strengthening support to these groups.

Outputs

Urban displacement and development: moving the debate forward

Conference | 7 - 8 February 2013

On 7-8 February 2013, the Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Denmark will hold a conference on urban displacement. The event will bring together development specialists (donors, policy-makers, academics and practitioners) and...

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Sanctuary in the city? Urban displacement and vulnerability in the Gaza Strip

Research reports and studies | December 2012 | Simone Haysom and Wasseem el Sarraj
This HPG Working Paper examines the successive waves of forced displacement in Gaza in recent years and explores the consequences of upheaval generated by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for the citizens of Gaza. Based on hundreds of interviews with residents and...
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Urbanisation and humanitarian action

Public event | 15 March 2012 13:00 - 15:00 GMT+00

HPG is currently undertaking a series of eight case studies in Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia focusing specifically on the vulnerabilities of displaced populations in urban areas and how national and international actors can best respond. Simone ...

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Sanctuary in the city? Urban displacement and vulnerability in Nairobi

Working and discussion papers | September 2011 | Victoria Metcalfe and Sara Pavanello, with Prafulla Mishra
This Working Paper focuses on internally displaced people (IDPs) in Nairobi, and aims to understand the challenges they face and how these compare with the general urban poor population in the capital.
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