The ACCRA consortium (made up of Oxfam GB (lead), Care International, ODI, Save the Children Alliance and World Vision) has been operational since November 2009. The purpose of ACCRA is to increase the use of evidence by governments (specifically in Ethiopia, Uganda and Mozambique) and other development and humanitarian actors in developing and implementing policies and interventions that improve poor people's adaptive capacity, with a specific focus on climate related hazards, change and variability – both in the short and long-term.
Oxfam GB DFID Humanitarian Programme Partnership Agreement (PPA) funds were used to undertake action research, capacity building and evidence-based influencing work with governments in ACCRA focus countries. The outputs of this programme are as follows:
- The implementation of local level (Distict, Wereda) capacity building which aims to incorporate adaptive capacity into local government planning, drawing on the phase I research results and the Local Adaptive Capacity Framework (LAC).
- Action research aimed at understanding "How do we incorporate adaptive capacity into development planning?" to inform policy recommendations, and to improve ACCRA‟s ongoing capacity building activities.
- The development and implementation of advocacy strategies designed to improve national government policy and practice, drawing on ACCRA phase 1 research results, capacity building and action research activities from Phase 2 and the Local Adaptive Capacity framework (LAC).
- Production of training materials, research outcomes and learning aimed at improving the policy and practice of the participating non government and government agencies, and their regional and global networks.
The outcomes envisaged from this programme include:
- The global evidence base on successful approaches to adaptation grows and is used to inform advocacy for improved policy and increased investment. (Achieved by March 2014)
- Consortium agencies adapt their programming and invest more resources towards government capacity building in 3 countries. (Significant progress made by March 2014)
- National governments, donors and development actors in Uganda, Mozambique and Ethiopia adapt institutional structures, policies and budgets to join-up, invest more and effectively implement climate change adaptation work. (Significant progress and uptake by March 2014, building on phase 1 achievement).
The programme works with like-minded development actors and programmes promoting high quality policy and increased investment in activities which promote adaptive capacity. Ultimately, this contributes to the most vulnerable people becoming more able to adapt to climate change.
This programme contributes specifically to the achievement of the following Millennium Development Goals:
- End poverty and hunger: It will be impossible to achieve this in the face of a changing climate without humanitarian and development policy and practice, which builds climate resilience.
- Environmental sustainability: The loss of environmental resources occurs as a result of inappropriate coping strategies in response to climate change and other development stresses. Improved policy and practice, which builds climate resilient livelihoods, will reduce the impact of this.
- Combat HIV and AIDS: There are documented links between food insecurity, malnutrition and climate change and increased spread of HIV. Improved policy and practice to promote climate resilient livelihoods will counteract this.
- Develop a global partnership for development: This programme influences donors, governments and regional bodies to secure improved policy and investment for activities which improve climate resilience.
Policymakers face difficult trade-offs in planning for a changing and uncertain future. Yet many development actors continue to plan for the near-term, with little room for manoeuvre or...