Chronic Poverty Advisory Network

January 2012 to December 2017

The role of the Chronic Poverty Advisory Network (CPAN) is to increase awareness of chronic poverty, ensuring that chronically poor people are not forgotten by policy makers, and to use evidence to improve the effectiveness of policies and programmes at reducing chronic poverty.

CPAN research focuses on six main themes (Financial Inclusion, Private Sector, Education, Energy, and Employment) and has so far resulted in a portfolio of sector and thematic policy guides. With this set of resources, CPAN aims to help policymakers and programme designers using evidence about chronic poverty and poverty dynamics in designing policies and programmes to

1.    Contribute to addressing the causes of chronic poverty

2.    Assist the poorest households to escape poverty

3.    Prevent impoverishment.

With partners in 16 countries, CPAN emerged from the Chronic Poverty Research Centre (CPRC), which worked to assess and explain the extent and nature of chronic poverty in developing countries. There is now an urgent need to make these findings better known among policy makers, and to develop practical guidance, and new policies and programmes to facilitate escapes from poverty, prevent descents into it and address the causes of chronic poverty.

The CPRC demonstrated that there is considerable overlap between people who live in chronic poverty and those who are severely poor. It is on these two groups of poorest people which CPAN focuses its work.


How resilient are escapes out of poverty?

Working and discussion papers | February 2016 | Lucy Scott, Katharina Hanifnia, Andrew Shepherd, Milu Muyanga and Elsa Valli
This working paper uses panel data analysis to assess whether people that have escaped poverty have remained above the poverty line or have fallen back below it.

Financial inclusion in Nigeria

Briefing papers | July 2015 | Andrew Shepherd, Austine Okere, Lucy Scott and William Smith
This policy brief provides a situation analysis on financial inclusion in Nigeria, including a short analysis of how it may figure in chronic poverty.

Getting to zero: tackling extreme poverty through private sector development

Research reports and studies | May 2015 | Andrew Shepherd and Chiara Mariotti
This policy guide aims at identifying those interventions that best promote entrepreneurship among the poor in a way that puts them on trajectories out of poverty. For some, these interventions can contribute to sustained poverty escapes; for others, they mean faster...

Strengthening social justice to address intersecting inequalities

Research reports and studies | October 2014 | Veronica Paz Arauco, Haris Gazdar, Paula Hevia-Pacheco, Naila Kabeer, Amanda Lenhardt, Syeda Quratulain Masood, Haider Naqvi, Nandini Nayak, Andrew Norton, Nidhi Sadana Sabharwal, Elisa Scalise, Andrew Shepherd, Deepak Thapa, Sukhadeo Thorat, D. Hien Tran
The report reviews the experience of seven countries that have been successful in reducing intersecting inequalities and identifies the core ingredients characterising these experiences. It draws policy recommendations for countries committed to reduce group-based...

A place for panel data in the 'data revolution'?

Briefing papers | October 2014 | Lucy Scott and Chiara Mariotti
​This briefing makes the case for the importance of panel data – or surveys – which return to the same households or individuals at more than one point in time.

Addressing chronic poverty in middle-income countries: getting close to zero

Research reports and studies | September 2014 | Dominik Bulla, Abdou Salam Fall, Haris Gazdar, Medhi Krongkaew, Amanda Lenhardt, Sami Mouley, Alina Rocha Menocal, Andrew Shepherd and Chiara Mariotti
This guide identifies the structural factors, political trajectories and policies that have most successfully addressed chronic poverty in MICs.

The Chronic Poverty Report 2014-2015: The road to zero extreme poverty

Research reports and studies | March 2014 | Andrew Shepherd, Lucy Scott, Chiara Mariotti, Flora Kessy, Raghav Gaiha, Lucia da Corta, Katharina Hanifnia, Nidhi Kaicker, Amanda Lenhardt, Charles Lwanga-Ntale, Binayak Sen, Bandita Sijapati, Tim Strawson, Ganesh Thapa, Helen Underhill, Leni Wild
Progress at reducing extreme poverty is likely to be much slower over the next two decades, concludes the Third Chronic Poverty Report, unless tougher action is taken to prevent set-backs and sustain progress.

Working out of chronic poverty: a policy guide

Research reports and studies | August 2013 | Lucy Scott, Andrew Shepherd, Pedro Martins, Dominik Bulla, Martha Chen, Davuluri Venkateswarlu, Jill Wells
​This policy guide examines policies and programmes to improve the quantity and quality of work for chronically poor people engaged in informal wage employment so that their hard work can contribute to poverty escapes.

Chronic Poverty Report 2008-09: Escaping Poverty Traps

Research reports and studies | July 2008 | Chronic Poverty Research Centre

The 2008-09 Chronic Poverty Report identifies five main traps that underpin chronic poverty – insecurity, limited citizenship, spatial disadvantage, social discrimination and poor work opportunities – and outlines key policy responses to these.


Social protection transfers for chronically poor people

Briefing papers | February 2007 | Rachel Marcus

Effective social protection is vital to help chronically poor people and countries build assets, increase their capacity to withstand shocks and stresses, and thus escape from poverty; without it, they will continue to be trapped in poverty.


Chronic Poverty Report 2004-05

Research reports and studies | October 2005 | CPRC

This paper covers a multitude of issues regarding chronic poverty like such as poverty dynamics, who the chronically poor are, where they live, why they suffer chronic poverty and what should be done to combat it.


Chronic Poverty and Remote Rural Areas

Working and discussion papers | March 2002 | Kate Bird, David Hulme, Andrew Shepherd and Karen Moore

This paper is a first attempt at putting the case that people living in remote rural areas (RRAs) account for a substantial proportion of the chronically poor.