This study, led by the Humanitarian Policy Group at ODI, reviews recent trends in military engagement in humanitarian crises. It assesses the drivers behind military involvement in natural and conflict related disasters, the opportunities and threats this presents for the humanitarian community, and issues that those in military community should be considering when developing their policy and operational approaches to engaging with the civilian assistance community.
Research covers four areas in particular:
- Trends in military intervention in response to humanitarian crises;
- The increased mainstreaming of civil-military operations, as well as coordination and security issues arising from civil-military engagement;
- Military roles and capacities in civilian protection; and,
- The growing involvement of private military firms in humanitarian action
The operational challenges to civilian protection are the subject of ongoing debate in civil and military circles. This meeting sought to unpack the issues and generate discussion about operational realities in the field.
While humanitarians and military actors have long shared operational environments, increasing support for military involvement in assistance and protection strategies is challenging the capacities and security approaches of the humanitarian system in...