Financing the end of extreme poverty

Research reports and studies
September 2018

In 2015, leaders of all countries committed to ‘eradicate extreme poverty for all people everywhere’ by 2030. In the past 25 years, the world has managed to halve the number of people living in extreme poverty (World Bank, 2015). Yet despite this progress, at least 400 million people will still be living on less than $1.90 a day by 2030. Over half of these people will be in low-income, fragile countries.

This research report presents key findings and analysis from research on what needs to be done so that we can deliver the global target to end extreme poverty by 2030.

It finds that among some of the poorest countries there is currently a funding gap of $125 billion each year for health, education and social protection, which are crucial for reducing poverty. Although increased taxation could close this gap in most middle-income countries, low-income countries will remain reliant on aid to fund these social sectors.

The report recommends that donors:

  • Focus aid on those countries that are least able to finance their own public spending to end extreme poverty, even after maximising their tax revenues with OECD DAC donors increasing their share of aid to least developed countries from 29% to 50%
  • Increasing funding in these countries for the core social sectors of health, education and particularly social protection, and
  • Increasing global aid from OECD DAC donors to 0.7% of GNI
Financing the end of extreme poverty © ODI, 2018
The world is not on track to end extreme poverty by 2030
Aid is not going where it's most needed to end extreme poverty. © ODI, 2018
The best three donors are eight times more efficient than the bottom three at targeting extreme poverty. © ODI, 2018
Donors need to better target and increase aid to end extreme poverty by 2030. © ODI, 2018