Journal articles or issuesOctober 2019Julia Simac, Rachel Marcus and Caroline HarperTwo 15-year-old girls in a madrassa in Rangamati, Bangladesh. Photo: Nathalie Bertrams/GAGENon-formal education programmes to boost young people’s development are increasingly common in the Global South. There is clear evidence of short-term impacts but much less is known about how far they lead to lasting change. Longitudinal studies from the Global North provide insights into the long-term effects of participation in extracurricular programmes, sometimes decades into adulthood, highlighting long-term educational, economic and mental health benefits.In this article, we compare insights concerning the nature and effects of these programmes in different contexts and reflect on transferable lessons. Impacts tend to be longest lasting where programmes build life-skills and connection to others in the community, are delivered by skilled facilitators with significant inputs from young people, and where young people participate for an extended period of time. We found a considerably stronger emphasis on gender equality in Southern programmes, a gap that Northern programmes are starting to fill.Read the research Does non-formal education have lasting effects?Related Adolescents in Jordan: education and learningThis policy brief highlights the fragility of adolescents’ high educational aspirations in host and refugee communities in Jordan.Briefing papers22 July 2019 Adolescent education and learning in EthiopiaAdolescents’ perceptions of and experiences with accessing education and learning services in Ethiopia.Research reports and studies22 May 2019Accelerating adolescent girls’ education and empowerment: a call for action to the G7In this policy briefing, GAGE outlines the scale of the challenge of improving girls’ education and empowerment, and gives key actions to the G7.Briefing papers3 June 2018See more:educationadolescent girlschildhood and youthGlobalView the discussion thread.