Bibliography and literature reviewsJanuary 2020Rachel Marcus, Krista Kruja and Jenny RivettYoung adolescent girl in Jordan flying a kite. Photo: Nathalie Bertrams/GAGERecognising the critical role of families in adolescents’ development and well-being, and the widening set of challenges facing adolescents today, governments and non-governmental organisations in low- and middle-income countries are increasingly implementing parenting programmes to better equip families to support healthy adolescent development. In this review, we define parenting programmes as ‘activities oriented to improving how parents approach and carry out their role as parents and to increasing parents’ child-rearing resources, including, knowledge, skills and social support’. Such programmes initially focused on the parents of young children; their expansion to parents of older children is relatively recent, and there is no synthesised analysis of their impact.Qualitative research by the Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE) programme highlights the high priority that adolescents give to warm and supportive intra-family relationships, but also the extent to which they experience violence from parents and caregivers. This review aims to understand how far parenting programmes are useful tools for policy-makers and programmers aiming to promote adolescent well-being and development. It also aims to synthesise what is known about gender-differentiated effects and gendered participation in these programmes – a topic that is under-explored in the literature.Read the research What are the impacts of parenting programmes on adolescents?RelatedAchieving social protection for all adolescents: how can a gender norms lens support more effective programming?Outlining the key actions that are critical to achieving gender- and adolescent-responsive social protection programmes.Briefing papers8 March 2019Programming with adolescent boys to promote gender-equitable masculinities: a rigorous reviewThis review looks at evidence of the impact, challenges and potential of programmes working with adolescent boys to promote gender-equitable masculinities.Briefing papers4 December 2018 Adolescent perspectives on services and programmes in conflict affected contexts: a participatory research toolkitThis document outlines participatory research tools which will be used by GAGE researchers in Palestine, Jordan and Lebanon.Toolkits30 September 2017See more:social policyadolescent girlschildhood and youthGlobalView the discussion thread.