On the Evolution of the Costa Rican Forestry Control System

Research reports and studies
January 2007
Guillermo Navarro and Hans Thiel

This case study analyses the evolution of the national forest control system in Costa Rica. Costa Rica has a land area of 5 million hectares, with 63% of its territory potentially under forest cover. However, only 40-46% of the national territory is covered with forests owing to deforestation, fueled by aggressive agricultural policies which promoted monocultures oriented to international markets. It is estimated that between 22-31% of the timber supply is illegally harvested. Forest loss to other competitive land uses continues due to high transaction costs and excessive regulations.

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