Review of the literature on social protection shock responses and readiness

Research reports and studies
May 2013
Anna McCord

This literature review explores two main issues relating to the social protection response to the food, fuel and financial crisis of 2007-2009 – the so-called ‘triple F crisis’ – in low- and middle-income countries (LICs and MICs):

  • the expectations and perspectives of development partners on the role of social protection in shock response, and

  • the experience of scaling up social protection responses during the 2007-2009 ‘triple crisis’ (food, fuel and finance) in low- and middle-income countries, and the implications for future shock readiness.

The review identifies and discusses the main types of social protection instruments adopted – social assistance, social security, and active labour-market policies (ALMPs) – and examines the relative merits and drawbacks of each in low- and middle- income countries.