The geography of poverty, disasters and climate extremes in 2030

Research reports and studies
October 2013
Andrew Shepherd, Tom Mitchell, Kirsty Lewis, Amanda Lenhardt, Lindsey Jones, Lucy Scott, Robert Muir-Wood
This report examines the relationship between disasters and poverty. The report's key messages are:
  • Extreme weather linked to climate change is increasing and will likely cause more disasters. Such disasters, especially those linked to drought, can be the most important cause of impoverishment, cancelling progress on poverty reduction.
  • Up to 325 million extremely poor people will be living in the 49 most hazard-prone countries in 2030, the majority in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • The 11 countries most at risk of disaster-induced poverty are Bangladesh, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan, South Sudan, Sudan and Uganda.
  • Disaster risk management should be a key component of poverty reduction efforts, focusing on protecting livelihoods as well as saving lives. There is a need to identify and then act where the poor and disaster risks are most concentrated.
  • The post-2015 development goals must include targets on disasters and climate change, recognising the threat they pose to the headline goal of eradicating extreme poverty by 2030.


Corrections and clarifications

The full report was updated on 23 October 2013 to correct an error made in Figure 10 and the accompanying text on pages 26 and 27. For Figure 10 the updated file now correctly presents Ethiopia on the left and Andhra Pradesh, India on the right. The accompanying text has been updated to give the per capita poverty line per month, and not per day as originally stated.