The possible shape of a land transparency initiative

Research reports and studies
October 2013


Between 2007 and 2010, reported land deals negotiated in the global South rose substantially, driven by the biofuel boom, the global food crisis and increased plantation forestry activity.

While many have welcomed the increased interest in investing in agriculture, with its potential to bring significant benefits to the host country and its citizens, the increase in large-scale land acquisition has sparked concerns about outcomes, particularly around the level of benefits and risks generated and their distribution. In a large number of cases, there has been no public disclosure of information on the terms and conditions of the land acquired in developing countries, and media reports have often been the sole source of information available.

This has led to calls for better governance in the land sector.

At the 2013 G8 Summit, hosted by the UK at Lough Erne, world leaders highlighted the need for greater transparency and accountability on land, open data and extractives, and pledged to work towards achieving this.

In this report we review existing voluntary transparency initiatives in other sectors (extractives, forestry, international aid, construction, etc.) to pull out lessons to inform the possible shape of a land transparency initiative. Our review of five transparency initiatives highlighted several key lessons to take into account if a decision is taken to establish a land transparency initiative.