The fossil fuel bailout: G20 subsidies for oil, gas and coal exploration

Research reports and studies
November 2014
Elizabeth Bast, Shakuntala Makhijani, Sam Pickard, and Shelagh Whitley

This Overseas Development Institute (ODI) and Oil Change International (OCI) report discovers that G20 governments' exploration subsidies marry bad economics with potentially disastrous consequences for climate change. In effect, governments are propping up the development of oil, gas and coal reserves that cannot be exploited if the world is to avoid dangerous climate change.

Furthermore findings show that by providing subsidies for fossil-fuel exploration, the G20 countries are creating a ‘triple-lose’ scenario. They are directing large volumes of finance into high-carbon assets that cannot be exploited without catastrophic climate effects. They are diverting investment from economic low-carbon alternatives such as solar, wind and hydro-power. And they are undermining the prospects for an ambitious climate deal in 2015.

Corrections and clarifications
​This report is a revised version published 18. December 2014. Table 12 has been updated to include 2012 data.